"Marine Environment covers not only the ocean, but estuaries (e.g., bays), which are coastal areas where the sea water is diluted with freshwater coming from rivers and streams, or sometimes groundwater."
-Judith S. Weis
Environmental Oceanography and Climate Division (EOCD) is concerned in marine, coastal and estuary environments as these environments have been suffering diverse modes of degradation, including pollution with xenobiotic compounds, accelerated input of dissolved plant nutrients, discharge of untreated industrial effluents and physical modifications ranging from unplanned coastal constructions and developments.
The EOCD is engaged in investigating and monitoring the marine pollutions of the Bay of Bengal as a part of baseline study through Research and Development (R&D) projects. The Research activity of EOCD has been started in 2017-2018 FY with a R&D project: Determination of marine pollution by coastal water quality monitoring and mapping marine litter loads around the Coastal Area of Saint Martin Island. In the next FY 2018-2019, another R&D project has been taken on Determination of marine pollution by assessing seasonal seawater quality and identifying the status of micro plastic in the coastal area of Saint Martin’s island.
EOCD got funding forresearch projects under the “Special Allocation for Science and Technology” from Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) which were implemented in 2018-19 & 2019-20 FY.
EOCD provides services as analysis of water quality parameters (Water Temperature, Salinity, Conductivity, pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biological Dissolved Oxygen (BOD) and Chemical Dissolved Oxygen (COD)) and Local Meteorological parameters (Air Temperature, Wind Speed, Wind Direction and Relative Humidity).